Alpaca can be grouped to huacaya and suri type by their fiber quality. Suri presents about ten percent of the alpaca population. Wool of huacaya alpaca grows sheepishly fluffy, while suriís fiber forms beautiful corkscrew like curls and settles along the animalís form.
Around the world alpaca fiber fines has different classifications. Baby class has nothing to do with animals actual age but means how fine the fiber is in microns. Again, huarizo is not sheared from llama-hybrid animal but the micron number is higher.
Colors of wool
Also colors have different classes: baby black is a black fiber that turns brown from top when exposed to sun. True black/ Jet black are blacks that are not affected by UV radiation. From shades of grey Silver is light and shiny and Rose is grey tinted with brown. From shades of brown Fawn is yellowish brown and Maroon is reddish brown. Brown also includes Brown and Beige, which actually is closer to off-white. White wool has turned really popular for its dyeability in South America during past few decades .
Alpaca fiber features
The fiber is durable and isolates warmth well. Textiles made of alpaca are long-lasting and easy to take care of due fiberís attribute to repel dirt and water. Breeding of animals and handling of wool is as natural and ecological as possible. Among others, these things make alpaca desired raw material in textile industry among softness and thermal features.
The fines of single fiber is measured in microns, that can change from thirteen to over thirty. The secret of alpaca wool softness lies in fiber structure. Fiber has small diameter and people who are allergic to wool can use alpaca products. Huacaya wool that gathers densely, gives natural elasticity to textile made of it. Suri fiberís natural shine comes best out in weaved textiles.